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屡试不爽的陶瓷收藏四大要点

发布时间: 2014-06-07

 

第一要“古”

古瓷、古董贵在一个“古”字。古瓷器属于传统收藏,或称古玩(现代收藏称现玩)、古董。远古的器物是历史文物,加之瓷器的保存不如金玉、铜石等物容易,越古老越少,越古老越贵。改革开放以来,大规模的基础建设和荒山野岭的开发利用,使不少古瓷器出土重见天日,这便为古瓷宝库增添了不少瑰宝,也为收藏者提供了机会。

 

第二要“稀”

物以稀为贵。如宋代汝瓷,便因其稀有而倍加珍贵,尤其是御用汝瓷。据有关资料统计,从北宋晚期至今传世的御用汝瓷总数不超过百件,且分别珍藏于故宫博物院、上海博物馆,其他地区、国家博物馆和少数收藏家手中,故有了“纵有家产万贯,不如汝瓷一件”的说法。

 

第三要“俏”

要注重收藏市场需求量大、行情看涨的古瓷。这种“俏”货价格攀升潜力大。约10年前,清三代官窑瓷器在拍卖会上的成交价才几千、几万元。由于市场需求量不断增大,现在的官窑瓷器成交价已达几十万、几百万,甚至几千万了。另外,国内古瓷的拍卖价近年来虽然不断升高,但与国际拍卖价相比还是较低的,后者往往高出几倍甚至十几倍。因此,古瓷的市场前景被看好,升值潜力仍较大。如北京中嘉国际拍卖有限公司2006年秋季北京拍卖会上,一件元代青花五龙罐估价为300万元至500万元人民币。

 

第四要“美”

在宋代五大名窑中,只有定窑烧制白瓷,而汝、官、哥、钧都是以青釉取胜。然而,定瓷精品之所以珍贵,倒不仅仅在于其如雪似银的胎釉,而在于它精美的划花、刻花和印花的纹饰。而汝瓷的精美,可谓宋代瓷艺百花苑中一朵奇葩。元代青花和清代彩釉瓷器,也都是以精美而闻名,虽然在民间有一定的藏量,但价格也都不菲。如北京中拍国际拍卖有限公司2007年迎春大型拍卖会上,一个元代青花“云龙纹玉壶春瓶”以88万元人民币成交。

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